To perform a hair transplant procedure there are basically two techniques. The first technique which is the older one also is FUT. The full form of FUT is Follicular Unit Transplant which is also known as strip surgery. The other one is FUE.
In FUT method, we take an entire strip of skin from the back of the scalp which serves as the donor area. This strip is further cut up into multiple pieces also called as grafts or follicular units. This procedure of cutting up the grafts is known as slivering and it is done by a team of technicians. It depends completely upon the expertise and experience of the technician whether the slivering is done correctly or not. If the graft handling is incorrect or if the technicians cut the grafts in uneven sizes then the result of the transplant is going to be very botchy and might give a plug like appearance. Also, rough handling of the grafts by the technicians during slivering may reduce the graft survival rate. Thus, the transplanted hair may not grow.
These are the reasons why some people get unnatural looking results after hair transplant from other clinics.
Strip surgery is a procedure in which 70-80% of the procedure is done by technicians and not the main surgeon. So, the success of the procedure and the final outcome of the surgery depends more on the skill of the technician and not of the doctor. It is very tough to have a team of technicians in which each and every technician is highly skilled and highly experienced often the team has a mixture of experienced and new technicians. Obviously, the new technicians do not know the handling very well and may cause damage to the graft.
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FUT done in the right hands can be a very successful procedure and can give great results however because of high dependency upon technicians often the procedure does not get performed as well as it can be.
Once the strip of skin is taken out, the defect at the back of the scalp is sutured which means stitches are given. The stitches are generally removed after 10 days because this strip is cut quite deep.
In typical strip surgery, there are high chances of damaging the surrounding nerves and blood vessels. Also, because of the tight sutures patients often feel discomfort and pain for a period of 10 to 15 days. After the procedure they have to be on heavy antibiotics and painkillers for at least 10 to 15 days because of the invasive nature of the surgery and heightened downtime people have now stopped choosing strip surgery.
Before taking out the strip, many surgeons first make reception holes in the implantation area which means slits are made in the bald area in which the grafts have to be put in later on. After the grafts are extracted from the strip of skin they are put into these holes 1 by 1, again by the technicians. So, as you can see major steps of the surgery are done by the technician and not by the surgeon. The process of putting in grafts is again a very intricate process in which the grafts have to be handled extremely gently. If the handling is rough or if the roots of the graft get turned while inserting into the hole, the grafts may not grow and the result of the hair transplant surgery will not be optimal.
The post-procedure instructions for strip surgery are also different from an FUE procedure. After strip surgery, antibiotics and painkillers are given for a longer period of time. Also, the patient has to return to the clinic after 10 days for suture removal whereas in FUE or Bio-IPT procedure the patient does not necessarily have to come back to the clinic.
To know the cost of FUT hair transplant in Delhi please feel free to get in touch with us at +91-8800008060 or firstname.lastname@example.org.